Which Refugees Are Not Covered By The Safe Third Country Agreement
For all other countries that may be designated as safe third countries in the future: According to the agreement, individuals claiming refugee status must submit their claim in the first country they arrive in, between the United States or Canada, unless they qualify for an exemption. For example, refugee claimants who are citizens of a country other than the United States and who arrive from the United States at the Canada-U.S. land border can only make their refugee claim in Canada if they complete an exemption under the Safe Third Country Agreement. A safe third country is a country in which a person passing through that country could have requested refugee protection. In Canada, subsection 102(2) of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act sets out the criteria for determining whether a country is a safe third country. In particular, the legislation requires that the examination of a designated country be based on the following four factors: the principle of family reunification should go beyond such an agreement and the applicant`s right to legal assistance should be enshrined. Persons returned to either country should not be detained unless they pose a threat to safety or the public, and children should be detained only as a last resort. Discretionary awareness should be used to allow the following individuals to be admitted to Canada for identification purposes: applicants who are less likely to be accepted in the other country, including those who have an application for identification; survivors of torture; persons who would be detained upon their return to the other country; applicants with special physical or mental health needs; people who do not have support opportunities in either country; people who have ties to the country, including language ties that help with integration; Persons who are not allowed to make a claim in the other country. The system should be respectful and accountable to the people it serves.
Applicants must be treated in accordance with human rights standards and international refugee protection principles by the host country. After the sending State has taken a decision (in accordance with the ECRE) on the return of an asylum seeker to another State, it should inform the applicant of the decision “in a language he or she understands”, give the applicant the opportunity to challenge the decision before an independent body and a document demonstrating that the asylum application has not been examined on the merits; but was rejected solely on third-country grounds. The “travel ban” decree is not the only worrying measure. Two other executive orders, signed on Jan. 25, introduce immigration enforcement measures that significantly increase the chances of refugees being deported from the United States. The agreement was reached in Washington, D.C. on December 5, 2002, by Bertin Côté (Deputy Head of Mission, Embassy of Canada) and Arthur E. Dewey (Assistant Secretary of State for Population, Refugees and Migration, U.S. Department of State). Amid this and other very public scaremongering, an August 2018 Angus Reid poll showed that two-thirds of Canadians believed that the arrival of asylum seekers in Canada was a “crisis.” Storm Alliance and La Meute, two far-right nationalist groups in Quebec, argued that the situation was permissible for an “invasion” of Quebec by “illegals” and regularly organized demonstrations on Roxham Road with the sovereign Patriote flag. .